Dry Eye Clinic Wimbledon
Here at Fiona Watt Optometrists, we have our very own dry eye clinic in Wimbledon. Dry eye is a common problem leaving many suffering daily with irritated sore eyes which can effect anyone at any age. Dry eyes are caused by a lack of adequate tears. Our tears are a complex mixture of water (aqueous), fatty oils and mucus. This mixture helps keeping the surface of our eyes smooth and clear, as well as protecting the eyes from infection.
What is dry eye?
In order to keep your vision comfortable and sharp, there is a natural film of tears that cover the surface of your eyes. Our tears protect our eyes by washing away irritants and dust. Every time that we blink the ‘tear film’ is refreshed naturally. If your eyes are dry, it means that your tears are unable to protect your eyes adequately. This can lead to discomfort and in severe instances damage to the eye surface – the cornea. This can be painful and lead to further complications and issues if left unattended.
What are the causes of dry eyes?
There are many reasons for dry eyes, including:
Decreased tear production due to:
- Certain medical conditions: diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, thyroid disorders, Sjogren’s syndrome and vitamin A deficiency.
- Certain medications: antihistamines, decongestants, hormone replacement therapy, antidepressants, drugs for high blood pressure, birth control, acne and Parkinson’s disease
- Laser eye surgery
- Tear gland inflammation or radiation.
Increased tear evaporation due to:
- Wind, smoke or dry air.
- Blinking less often; this can occur when concentrating whilst reading, driving or working on the computer.
- Eyelid problems, such as ectropion and entropion.
Imbalance in tear composition:
The tear film has three layers, oil, water and mucus. Problems with any of these layers can cause dry eyes. If the Meibomian glands producing the oil layer become clocked, this can result in dry eye symptoms. Blocked Meibomian glands are common in people with blepharitis and rosacea.
Journey To A Clearer Future
What is the treatment and management for dry eyes?
There are many products that can be used to manage and treat dry eyes; we can prescribe products to help keep your eyes moist, comfortable and pain free. These can be liquid drops, gels and ointments. Unfortunately ‘dry eyes’ is often without a satisfactory long term cure; however this does not mean that we can’t manage the condition to improve the level of your comfort.
We will assess your tear quality using a slip lamp examination and the latest corneal topographer. Most mild to moderate sufferers of dry eye can be treated with ocular lubricants and we will advise on the best treatment regime for your specific dry eye conditions.
Our experienced optometrist will advise you which products to use and how often you should use them. In some instances you may need to continue to use eye drops long term. You may be able to get them on prescription from your doctor with our assistance.
‘Dry eyes’ is a very common problem with many people suffering with symptoms such as mild irritation to constant discomfort. These symptoms can seriously affect your life, including work, studying and social activities. In the most extreme situations, dry eyes can cause lasting damage to the eye’s surface. Our established dry eye clinic aims to find you the right individual treatment to improve uncomfortable symptoms. Contact our team direct to book your consultation with our optometrists and opticians about your dry eye problems.